Aller au contenu Aller au menu Aller à la recherche

Logo du site

Accueil > BIBLIOTHEQUE > Approche historico-critique > Ouvrages en anglais > The historical development of the Qurán (Edward SELL)

The historical development of the Qurán (Edward SELL)

SELL (Edward), The historical development of the Qurʾán, London, S.P.C.K. ; New York : Gorham, 1905, VI+248 p.

L’auteur

Edward Sell (1839-1932) termina ses études à la Church Missionary College à Londres en 1862. Il a été boursier de l’Université de Madras en 1874 ; diacre en 1862, et prêtre en 1867. Il fut directeur de l’école secondaire Harris à Madras (1865-81). Il devient secrétaire de la Church Missionary Society pour les diocèses de Madras et Travancore en 1881.

(Source : The New Schaff-Herzog, Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge)

Présentation (Introduction de l’auteur p. VII-IX)

This work does not profess to be a life of
Muhammad. It is a history of the development
of the Quran, showing how its gradual formation
was determined by the events of the Prophet’s
life, Treated in this way, the Quran reveals his
change of position towards the various classes of
persons with whom he was brought into contact,
and by the aptness of its injunctions, its apol-
ogies, its denunciations, we are enabled to see
how admirably this ’ piecemeal ’ revelation was
fitted to meet the requirements of Islam as they
arose.

For the dates and the order of the Suras, o r
chapters of the Quran, I have followed Noldeke’s
Geschichte des Qurdns, which seems to me to be
the best and most authoritative book on the sub-
ject. The following table shows the order in
which Noldeke arranges the Siiras. He divides
the Meccan ones into three groups, the^earliej^-.
middle and later periods, and places all the
MaHma Siiras in a fourth group.

MECCAN SURAS.

First Period. From the first to the fifth year of the Prophet’s Mission. 612-17 A.D.

96, 74, 111, 106, 108, 104, 107, 102, 105, 92, 90,
94, 93, 97, 86, 91, 80, 68, 87, 95, 103, 85, 73, 101,
99, 82, 81, 53, 84, 100 ; 79, 77, 78, 88, 89, 75, 83,
69, 51, 52, 56, 70, 55, 112, 109, 113, 114, 1.

Second Period. The fifth and sixth years of the Prophet’s Mission. 617-19 A.D.

54, 37, 71, 76, 44, 50, 20, 26, 15, 19, 38, 36, 43,
72, 67, 23, 21, 25, 17, 27, 18.

Third Period. From the seventh year to the

Hijra. 619-22 A.D.

32, 41, 45, 16, 30, 11, 14, 12, 40, 28, 39, 29, 31,
42, 10, 34, 35, 7, 46, 6, 13.

MADINA SURAS.

From the Hijra to the end. 622-32 A.D,

2, 98, 64, 62, 8, 47, 3, 61, 57, 4, 65, 59, 33, 63, 24,
58, 22, 48, 66, 60, 110, 49, 9, 5.

In the quotations from the Quran I have used
the translations of Eodwell and of Palmer and
occasionally that of Sale and that of Lane. I
have also compared these with, and made use of
the Persian translations of Husain and of Shah
Wali Ullah Muhaddas, and of the Urdu transla-
tion by ’Abdu’l-Qadir and that given in the
Khulasatu’t-TaMsir. I have consulted many
commentaries in arriving at the interpretations I
have given. The commentaries, however, deal
mainly with the elucidation of the meanings of
words and phrases, and do not, as a rule,
throw much light on the various readings of the
text, or on the date of the Suras or their com.
ponent parts. The spirit of the Higher Criticism
has yet to be created amongst modern Muslim
theologians. Their exegesis is traditional rather
than scientific.

Table des matières (p. V-VI)

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I.
THE MECCAN PERIOD.

The first revelation, Indifference of the Quraish,
The political factor, Persecution of the Mus-
lims, Denunciation of opponents, Theory of
inspiration, Absence of Miracles Scepticism
of the Quraish, Joys of Paradise, Influence of
Khadijah, Description of Hell, The Prophet
as Warner, Emigration to Abyssinia, Ai-Lat
and Al-’Uzza, Idolatry reproved, Hostility of
the Quraish, Opposition to former Prophets,
Reproof of the Quraish, Claim to inspiration,
Denial of forgery, Uniqueness of the Quran
Jews, Christians and Sabeites Relation to
Judaism, Tales of the Ancients, Visit to Tayif
Visitors from Madina, The men of Madina,

First pledge of ’Aqaba, The Mi raj, Second
pledge of ’Aqaba Departure to Madina The
prospect in Madina,

CHAPTER II.
THE MADlNA PERIOD.

The entry into Madina, The Jews Opposition of the Jews, Accusation against the Jews, Islam the
only true religion, Jews charged with hypocrisy
and with corruption of the Scriptures, Obedi-
ence to the Bible enjoined, Quran the safeguard
of previous, Scriptures Change of the Qibla,
Breach with Judaism, Sanction given to the
Hajj, Persecution and massacre of the Jews,
Warlike expeditions, Battle and Victory of
Badr, Battle of Uhud, Defeat of Uhud, Hope-
fulness of the Prophet, Zainab and Zaid,
Wives and concubines, Siege of Madina, Desire
for the Hajj, Treaty of Hudaiba, Special
claims for Islam, The Umrah or Lesser Pil-
grimage, Battle of Muta, Capture of Mecca,
Siege of Tayif, Year of the Deputations,
Expedition to Tabuq, Compulsion of Jews and
Christians, The employment of force, The
Prophet’s war cry, Rebuke of the Hypocrites
and the Arabs, Abu Bakr and the Hajj,
Engagements made with Arabs not binding on
the Prophet, The Greater Pilgrimage, The
influence of the Hajj, God and His Apostle,
Style of the Madina, Suras Importance of the
Chronological Order Change of style . . 86

List of Passages cited from the Qur’an . . . 234
Table showing the approximate Chronological Order of the Chapters of the Quran . . . 243
Index . 245

Voir en ligne : lire l’intégralité de l’ouvrage (éd. 1905)

Répondre à cet article

Site réalisé avec SPIP | Squelette BeeSpip