The book analyzes extensively al-Zamakhsharī’s tafsīr al Kashshāf within the framework of the Mu‘tazilites’ five principles: (usūl al-khamsa) of their theology. Andrew Lane in his book entitled “A Traditional Mu‘tazilite Qur’ān Commentary: The Kashshāf of Jār Allāh al-Zamakhsharī” states that al-Kashshāf is not a Mu‘tazilite tafsīr of the Qur’ān. This book has been written to prove that al-Zamakhsharī’s tafsīr is completely in accord with the Mu‘tazilites’ theology which is embodied in their five principles.
The book is divided into two parts. Part I comprises of al Zamakhsharī’s biography, al-Kashshāf, and his methodology of tafsīr. Part II covers comprehensive analysis of the five principles: unity of God; justice; the promise and the threat of divine reward and punishment; the intermediate position between belief and unbelief; and enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong.
The book concludes that al-Zamakhsharī’s al-Kashshāf is a Mu‘tazilite tafsīr completely adhering to the Mu‘tazilites’ theology.
Part I: Al-Zamakhsharī’ Life and Works
Chapter 1. Al-Zamakhsharī’s Biography
Chapter 2. Al-Kashshāf
Chapter 3. Al-Zamakhsharī’s Methodology of Tafsīr
Part II: The Five Principles
Chapter 4. The Five Principles (al-uṣūl al-khamsa)
Chapter 5. Second Principle: Justice (‘adl)
Chapter 6. Third Principle: The Promise and the Threat (al-waʻd wa al-waʻīd)
Chapter 7. Fourth Principle: The Intermediate Position between Belief and Unbelief (al-manzila bayna al-manzilatayn)
Chapter 8. Fifth Principle: Enjoining what is Right and Forbidding what is Wrong (al-amr bi al-maʻrūf wa al-nahy ‘an al-munkar)
Appendix: Al-Zamakhsharī’s Scholarly Contribution
Index of Names
Index of Subjects
Index of Qurʼān Citations
Dissertation available online:
"Al-Kashshaf": Al-Zamakhshari’s (d. 538/1144) Mu`tazilite exegesis of the Qur’an. by Ullah, Kifayat, Ph.D., Georgetown University, 2013, 419 pages :
(Illustration: Belajar Kaligrafi Dari Kaligrafi)