Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts Ph.D. June, 1981
The Study of Religion, special field Comparative Religion, with major in Islamic Studies, minor in Greek Philosophy. Dissertation adviser: Prof. Annemarie Schimmel.
Stanford University, Stanford, California A.B. Hons., April, 1973
Humanities Special Programs with Concentration in Religious Studies.
How to Read the Qur’an, A New Guide, with Select Translations, Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina Press, 2011
Rethinking Islamic Studies, From Orientalism to Cosmopolitanism, ed. Carl W. Ernst and Richard C. Martin. University of South Carolina Press, 2010
Following Muhammad, rethinking Islam in the contemporary world, University of North Carolina Press, 2003