Né en 1929, John Burton fut Professeur d’Islamologie à l’Université d’Edinbourg et de St Andrews.
The most surprising feature of the Muslim traditions on the collection of the Qur’ān is their denial of any role in the process to Muhammad himself. The merit of assembling and preserving the record of the momentous divine revelations has been variously ascribed to some half dozen of the Prophet’s associates or Companions, and these ascriptions have usually been treated as hopelessly conflicting. Dr Burton argues that they are in perfect agreement. Their sole function was the deliberate exclusion of Mohammed. Dr Burton demonstrates in his analysis of the original Muslim sources a series of subtle distinctions, the most significant being that between the Qur’ān document and source. This 1977 analysis of early Muslim traditions challenges existing scholarly interpretations, and Dr Burton argues his case with a wealth of detail. It is a book which all students of Islam will find required reading.
Table des matières
Part I. The Qur’ān and the Islamic Legal Sciences: 1. Introduction; 2. The Islamic legal sciences; 3. The sub-science of naskh; 4. The background to the emergence of the third mode of naskh; 5. The mushaf: an incomplete record of the Qur’ān; Part II. The History of the Collection of the Qur’ān Texts: 6. The first collection; 7. The ’Uthmān collection; 8. The Qur’ān collection:a review; 9. The isnād of the Qur’ān; 10. General conclusions; Works cited; Notes; Indices.