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Theology and Tafsir in the Major Works of Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razî (Yasin Ceylan)

Theology and Tafsir in the Major Works of Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razî (Yasin (...)

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Author

Yasin Ceylan is a Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey.

Presentation

Fakhr aI-Din al-Razi was the most celebrated scholar of the sixth Islamic century, famous throughout the Muslim world as a philosopher, theologian and exegetist. However despite this undisputed eminence his contribution to
Islamic thought has not yet been properly evaluated. This thesis aims at exposing some of his ideas by a systematic analysis of his thoughts as presented in his major works. This thesis first presents what little biographical information we have for his life (Chapter I) and proceeds to the study of his major work, his tafsir (Chapter II). Then follows a detailed analysis of five major problems which occupied al-Razi’s mind throughout his scholarly life: Creation (Chapter III), God’s existence and Divine Attributes (Chapter IV), Free Will and Predestination (Chapter V), Prophethood (Chapter VI) and finally Resurrection (Chapter VII). These topics are also major issues which have concerned Islamic theologians in all ages. The thesis offers a brief conclusion in which
al-Razi’s distinctive views on these issues are summed up.

Content

Abstract
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations
Introduction

Chapter I: Fakhr al-Din al-Razi’s Life and His works
His Travels
His Scholarship and His Critics
His Students and Contemporaries
His Death
His Works

Chapter II: Fakhr aI-Din al-Razi’s Approach to the Qur’an

Al-Razi’s Interpretation of Particular Words
Al-Razi’s Skill in Reconciling Qur’ânic Verses
Al-Razi’s Views on the Style of the Qur’an
Al-Razi’s Views on the . biguous Verses 53
Al-Razi’s Views on Abrogation in the Qur’an 62

Chapter III: AI-Razi’s Viewpoint on Creation and His Arguments for Creation ex nihilo

AI-Razi’s Refutation of the Philosophers
AI-Razi’s Arguments for the Temporality of the World
AI-Razi’s Arguments against the Mu’tazilite
Theory that the non-existent is something

Chapter IV: God’s Existence and Divine Attributes

AI-Razi’s Arguments for the Existence of God
Divine Attributes
Al-Razi’s treatement of the PhiLosophic Arguments against the validity of
Positive Attributes
Al-Razi’s Classification of Attributes
Positive Attributes
Divine Power
Divine Attribute of Know’ledge and the Controversy on God’s Knowledge of
Particulars
Divine Will
Divine Attributes of Hearing and Seeing
Divine Living
Divine Attribute of Speech and the Controversy on the Nature of the Qur’an
The Visibility of God

Chapter V: Free Will and Predestination

Chapter VI: Prophethood

The Infallibility of the Prophets

Chapter VII: Resurrection
The Immortality of the Soul
Resurrection of the body
Conclusion
Bibliography

Phd Dissertation

1980 / 253955 ; http://hdl.handle.net/1842/7345 ; english ; University of Edinburgh ; Philosophy ; Religion ; Title : Theology and Tafsir in the major works of Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi ; PhD Doctor of Philosophy

Theology and Tafsir in the major works of Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi

View online : Dissertation (Text online)