Magnusson (Andrew D.), Zoroastrians in Early Islamic History: Accommodation and Memory, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2022, 224 p. ISBN 978-1474489522.
Andrew D. Magnusson is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Central Oklahoma.
The second Muslim caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, once reportedly exclaimed, ’I do not know how to treat Zoroastrians!’ He and other Muslims encountered Zoroastrians during the conquest of Arabia but struggled to formulate a consistent policy toward the adherents of a religion that was neither biblical nor polytheistic. Some Muslims saw Zoroastrians as pagans and sought to limit interaction with them. Others found ways to incorporate them within the empire of Islamic law. Andrew D. Magnussondescribes the struggle between advocates of inclusion and exclusion, the ultimate accommodation of Zoroastrians, and the reasons that Muslim historians have subsequently buried the memory of this relationship.
Introduction: Zoroastrianism, Islam, and Accommodation
- Myth and Countermyth in Zoroastrian Historiography
- Umar’s Dilemma: The Taxation of People without a Book
- Marriage, Meat, and the Limits of Accommodation
- Salman’s Charter as a Site of Memory
- Fire Temple Desecration and Triumphal Tales of Violence
- Rhetorical Zoroastrians in Early Islamic Discourse
Conclusion: An Ambivalent Accommodation
Appendix A—Translation of an Iranian Recension of Salman’s Charter
Appendix B—Translation of an Indian Recension of Salman’s Charter